Positioning Accuracy of a Pipeline Surveying System Based on MEMS IMU and Odometer: Case Study
作者: Chen, QJ (Chen, Qijin); Zhang, Q (Zhang, Quan); Niu, XJ (Niu, Xiaoji); Wang, Y (Wang, Yi)
来源出版物: IEEE ACCESS 卷: 7 页: 104453-104461 DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2931748 出版年: 2019
摘要: An inertial navigation system (INS) aided by odometers and a series of reference points has been extensively used to determine the location of pipeline inspection gauges (PIGs) in long-range gas and oil pipeline inspection. However, little attention has been paid to short-range urban underground pipeline surveying and the use of a low-cost inertial measurement unit (IMU) for location determination. The positioning performance of PIGs using low-cost microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) INS for short-range urban underground pipeline surveying applications has seldom been comprehensively evaluated. In this paper, we analyzed the positioning accuracy of a PIG based on a MEMS IMU and odometer through a real pipeline surveying case study. Numerous pipeline surveying cases, covering different pipeline lengths, pipe conditions, and surveying times, are included to achieve a practical conclusion with respect to the surveying accuracy. The results demonstrated that the maximum measurement repeatability errors of PIGs based on MEMS IMU and odometer do not exceed 0.25% and 0.1% of the pipeline length in the horizontal and vertical directions, respectively. These results not only provide powerful support for the PIG developers but also provide the expected PIG accuracy in urban underground pipeline surveying by using low-cost IMUs.